The situation in Sudan has been volatile since the removal of former President Omar al-Bashir in April 2019. The country has been in a transitional period, with a power-sharing government comprising military and civilian factions. However, tensions have risen in recent weeks due to disagreements over the country’s future.
Conflict between SAF and RSF
The latest conflict involves two groups in Sudan: the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). The latter is a paramilitary force accused of committing human rights abuses in Darfur that seeks to integrate into the country’s military. However, negotiations have stalled, leading to rising tensions.
Last week, the RSF allegedly launched an attack on a military convoy, resulting in clashes between the two groups. The situation has further complicated the already tense political climate in Sudan.
The United Nations has called for an immediate cessation of hostilities in Sudan, and the African Union has suspended Sudan from its membership. The international community has expressed concern about the deteriorating situation in the country, with many calling for a peaceful resolution to the conflict.
South Africa’s Role
The South African government has been actively involved in efforts to bring peace to Sudan. President Cyril Ramaphosa appointed former Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe to lead a fact-finding mission to Sudan. The goal is to explore ways to end the conflict and promote reconciliation.
In the meantime, the South African government is working on evacuating its citizens from Sudan. The government has been collaborating with security agencies to devise a safe and effective evacuation plan due to the risks posed by the ongoing fighting. The South African embassy in Sudan has provided consistent support and guidance to its citizens affected by the conflict.
The situation in Sudan is a reminder of the human cost of war and the urgent need for peace. Despite the challenges posed by the conflict, the South African government remains committed to working towards a peaceful resolution. The international community must continue to support efforts towards a ceasefire and a lasting solution to the crisis in Sudan.